History of Yonhi·Severance(1885-1956)
The history of Yonsei University began on April 10th, 1885, as Korea’s first modern hospital "Gwanghyewon.' Two weeks after opening, King Kojong gave Gwanghyewon a new name -"Chejungwon." Gwanghyewon was established by a medical missionary, Horace N. Allen. Prior to opening, missionary Horace G. Underwood visited Korea, assisting in medical treatment at Chejungwon while starting his work in education and missionary activities. These two missionaries' work that is based in Chejungwon has become the foundation of Yonsei.
Since then, works related to medicine developed to become Severance Medical College, Severance Hospital, and Severance Medical School, while that in education - initially known as Underwood School, Gyeongsin School, and later Yonhi College - became Yonhi University. Yonhi and Severance supported independence and modernization of Korea during Japanese colonization and at times of crises. They also bore the responsibility as universities to democratize and modernize the country after the Korean War.
GwangHyewon, Korea’s first western hospital is
established as a royal medical institution
Left: GwangHyewon, the beginning of Yonsei Medical School
and the first modern medical institution
Right: Dr. Horace Newton Allen, founder of GwangHyeWon
Chejungwon, the first formal medical school,
with Dr. Oliver R. Avison as its first head
Above: Dr. Oliver R. Avison, the founder of Severence Hospital.
Severance Hospital was reconstructed through a donation from Mr. L.H Severance.
Above: Severance Hospital
Chosen Christian College was established in Y.M.C.A with
Won Do Woo as its first principal, and Avison as the vice-principal.
Above: Commemorative photograph on the founding day of
Chosen Chirstian College(1915)
- 1942.06 Severance Medical School was forced to change its name to "Asahi Medical School."
The Japanese designated Yonhi College of being an "enemy property" and appointed the first Japanese principal after overtaking it.
Above: Ordeal of the Underwood Statue
- The Japanese forcefullly extorted the Underwood Statue
and erected a statute for "Asian Prosperity."
Yonhi College forced to change its name to
"Gyeong Seong College of Administration."
Yonhi College was officially recognized as a university,
with four colleges and 11 departments.
Yonhi College and Severence Medical School
- 1885.04.10 GwangHyewon, Korea’s first western hospital is